Osteoarthritis is a degenerative pathological process of the articular surfaces that involves the entire joint (bone, cartilage, joint capsule).
It is a very common condition that usually occurs between the ages of 50 and 60, but can also occur at a younger age. It is classified as “primary” osteoarthritis when the origin is not known, or as “secondary” when it arises as a result of inflammatory processes (arthritis), endocrine (diabetes or gout), congenital (dysplasia) or traumatic, which alter morphology and joint function.
The arthritic pathology manifests itself with the wear and the gradual reabsorption of the articular cartilage, thinning of the articular space, anomalous production of bone (osteophytes), deformation of the articular edges, thickening of the capsule with formation of calcifications, resulting in acute pain and severe limitation in the movement.
The diagnosis is easily recognizable based on the symptoms and a simple radiographic examination. Therapy is planned based on the stage of progress.
The most affected joints are those of the hip (coxarthrosis), of the knee (gonarthrosis) and of the shoulder (omarthrosis).
The most effective therapy for the treatment of osteoarthrosis is surgery, with the prosthetic replacement of the articular edges involved. Pharmacological therapies, physiotherapy treatments, cortisone infiltrations or anything else can temporarily relieve pain but do not constitute a definitive solution.